ခဏေလး ေစာင့္ေပးပါ......
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In this photo taken on Dec. 3, 2008, a Burmese Rohingya refugee boy arrives on a bus for demonstration outside the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. (Photo: AP) 

The Malaysia United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) is accused of betraying refugees by conspiring with Putrajaya Immigration Office to take their fingerprints and send them back to their own countries, it has been claimed.

On Tuesday, several UNHCR-affiliated organizations in Malaysia instructed refugees to provide fingerprints at Putrajaya Immigration Office, claims Shwe Zin, a Burmese refugee living in Malaysia.

“I arrived at the immigration office in the morning and was made to queue up. Then when my turn came, I had my fingerprints and a photo taken. And then I was given a printed document written in Malay that said to go back to our own country,” said Shwe Zin.

Many registered refugees came to the immigration office to give their fingerprints but did not know the details of what was going on, she added.


Many refugees received a document entitled “Pulang Ke Negara Asal” which translates as “Returning Home,” “Leaving” or “Going back to native country.” However, others were registered and given an alternative document which allows them to stay in Malaysia.


“I think I made a mistake by giving my fingerprints. It is impossible for me to go back [to Burma],” said Shwe Zin, adding that UNHCR staff were present in the immigration office.


“The UNHCR is tricking us because they want to settle corruption dealings with refugee processes. I don't know why some refugee receive different documents,” said Kyaw Htoo Aung from Malaysia, who works for worker affairs.


An official from Putrajaya Immigration Office in Malaysia refused to give further details when contacted by The Irrawaddy, but just said that it was an “enforcement event.”


Malaysia is currently running the 6P Program to tackle illegal migrant numbers in a bid to settle social problems and crime related to illegal foreigners. Although the Malaysia UNHCR was officially against the scheme, after Aug. 23 the organization is legally obliged to assist with the 6P registration.


UNHCR refugee card holder Myat Ko Ko sent a letter to UNHCR officials asking why the organization was not upfront about its involvement in the fingerprint campaign, and questioning its commitment to protecting international human rights and refugees affairs.


“As a result of the UNHCR and Malaysia [government] fingerprint program addressed to all the ethnic Burmese refugees in Malaysia, all of them are in trouble and the UNHCR should surely have given an announcement about it,” he wrote.


The Irrawaddy repeatedly tried to contact the UNHCR office in Malaysia but there was no reply.


Yan Naing Tun, the editor of weekly Kuala Lumpur journal Thuriya, said the action is taking place because of UNHCR corruption when dealing with processing refugee claims.


The Malaysia UNHCR has been accused of discriminating between refugees and corruptly selling resettlement registrations for profit, according to refugees in Malaysia.


“While I met with the Malaysian authorities, my friend told me not to give a thumbprint on the document when the [UNHCR] called us. It is an act of cheating. They made the plan in secret but the problem is now widely known,” said Yan Naing Tun.


Australia and Malaysia’s recent agreement to swap 800 asylum seekers who came to Australia for 4,000 refugees living in Malaysia was widely criticized by human rights groups, as Malaysia is not a signatory of the 1951 UN Refugee Convention.


The Malaysian government has cooperated with the UNHCR on humanitarian grounds since 1975 even though Malaysia has not signed the UN Convention Protocol Relating to the Status of Refugees. Burmese refugees have since been sent to third countries including the United States, Canada, Australia, France, New Zealand, Sweden, Finland, Denmark and Norway.


According to the Malaysia UNHCR website, at the end of May 2011 there are some 94,400 refugees and asylum-seekers registered with their office. Of these, around 86,500, or 90 percent, are from Burma. That figure is split up into 35,600 Chins, 21,400 Rohingyas, 10,100 Burmese Muslims, 3,800 Mon and 3,400 Kachins or from other smaller ethnic minorities.


မေလးမွ ဒုကၡသည္မ်ား ျပန္ပုိ႔ခံရမည္ကုိ စိုးရိမ္


မေလးရွားႏုိင္ငံ ကြာလာလမ္ပူျမိဳ႕ေတာ္၊ အာဏာပုိင္တုိ႔ထံတြင္ ယမန္ေန႔က လက္ေဗြႏွိပ္၊ ဓာတ္ပုံအရုိက္ခံခ့ဲေသာ ျမန္မာျပည္သား ဒုကၡသည္မ်ားသည္ ေနရပ္ရင္းသုိ႔ ျပန္ပုိ႔ခံရမည္ကုိ စိုးရိမ္ေနၾကသည္။


ကြာလာလမ္ပူရိွ ပူထရာဂ်ာရာ လ၀ကရုံးတြင္ ႀကဳံေတြ႔ခ့ဲရသည့္ အျဖစ္အပ်က္တခ်ဳိ႕ေၾကာင့္ စုိးရိမ္ေနၾကျခင္းျဖစ္သည္ဟု ဆုိသည္။


“လက္ေဗြႏွိပ္တယ္၊ ဓာတ္ပံုရိုက္တယ္၊ ၿပီးေတာ့ ကြန္ပ်ဴတာထဲက ထြက္လာတဲ့ စာရြက္ေတြထဲမွာ မိမိႏိုင္ငံသို႔ ျပန္ရန္ ဆိုၿပီးေတာ့ ေရးထားတာ ေတြ႕ရတယ္၊ ကိုယ္ကေတာ့ မေလးလို သိပ္ မတတ္ဘူး၊ သိတဲ့ လူေတြကို ေမး ၾကည့္ေတာ့ အဲဒီလို ေျပာတယ္” ဟု ဒုကၡသည္ လက္မွတ္ ကိုင္ေဆာင္ထားသည့္ မေရႊဇင္က ဧရာ၀တီသို႔ ေျပာသည္။


ယင္း အေၾကာင္း အရာႏွင့္ ပတ္သက္၍ ပူထရာဂ်ာရာရွိ လ၀က ႐ုံးသို႔ ဆက္သြယ္ခဲ့ရာ အေသးစိတ္ ေျဖဆိုရန္ ျငင္းဆန္ခဲ့သည္။ ကြာလာလမ္ပူရိွ UNHCR ေခၚ ကုလသမဂၢ ဒုကၡသည္မ်ားဆုိင္ရာ မဟာမင္းႀကီးရုံးတြင္လည္း လက္ခံ ေျဖၾကားမည့္သူ မရွိေပ။


ဒုကၡသည္ လက္မွတ္ ကိုင္ေဆာင္ထားေသာ ျမတ္ကိုကိုက “UNHCR နဲ႔ မေလးရွား လ၀က က လုပ္လိုက္တဲ့ အစီအစဥ္ေၾကာင့္ ျမန္မာေတြ ဒုကၡေရာက္ေနတယ္၊ သူတို႔ တခုခုေတာ့ ရွင္းလင္းခ်က္ ထုတ္သင့္တယ္” ဟု ဆိုသည္။


ၿပီးခဲ့သည့္ ေမလက ၾသစေၾတးလ်သို႔ ခိုလံႈရန္ စတင္ေရာက္ရွိလာမည့္ ဒုကၡသည္ ၈၀၀ ကို ကုလသမဂၢ တာ၀န္ရိွသူမ်ားက လိုအပ္သည့္ စစ္ေဆးမႈမ်ား ျပဳလုပ္ႏိုင္ရန္ မေလးရွားသို႔ ပို႔ေဆာင္ရန္ သေဘာတူခဲ့သည္။


အျပန္အလွန္အေနျဖင့္ ၾသစေတးလ်ႏိုင္ငံသည္ လာမည့္ ၄ ႏွစ္ အတြင္း မေလးရွား၌ ဒုကၡသည္အျဖစ္ အသိအမွတ္ျပဳခံရၿပီးသူ ၄၀၀၀ ကို လက္ခံေပးမည္ျဖစ္သည္။ ယင္းဒုကၡသည္မ်ား အနက္ အမ်ားစုမွာ ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံမွ ျဖစ္သည္။


မေလးရွားႏိုင္ငံရွိ ဒုကၡသည္မ်ားသည္ တတိယႏိုင္ငံမ်ားသို႔ သြားေရာက္ေနထိုင္ခြင့္ရရန္ ေစာင့္ဆိုင္းေနစဥ္အတြင္း ျပင္ပတြင္ အလုပ္လုပ္ပိုင္ခြင့္ ရရွိၾကသည္။


ဒုကၡသည္အျဖစ္ အသိအမွတ္ ျပဳခံရသူမ်ားသည္ UNHCR ၏ အစီအစဥ္ျဖင့္ တတိယႏိုင္ငံမ်ား ျဖစ္သည့္ ကေနဒါ၊ အေမရိကန္၊ ၾသစေၾတးလ်၊ ဒိန္းမတ္၊ နယူးဇီလန္၊ ဆီြဒင္ႏွင့္ ခ်က္သမၼတႏိုင္ငံတြင္ သြားေရာက္ အေျခခ်ေနထိုင္ခြင့္ ရၾကသည္။


ဒုကၡသည္မ်ား ခုိလႈံခြင့္ႏွင့္ ပတ္သက္၍ ကုလသမဂၢ၏ သေဘာတူစာခ်ဳပ္တြင္ မေလးရွားႏိုင္ငံက လက္မွတ္ ေရးထိုးထားျခင္း မရွိေၾကာင္း သိရသည္။


သုိ႔ေသာ္လည္း ၂၀၁၁ ေမ အထိ မေလးရွားႏိုင္ငံ UNHCR တြင္ ဒုကၡသည္ အျဖစ္ ေလွ်ာက္ထားသူ ၉၄၀၀၀ ခန္႔ ရွိေၾကာင္း သိရသည္။


Ref: Irrawaddy

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